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Coffee Origin: Cerrado Region, South America
Coffee Certifications: Rain Forest Alliance, ISO 14001, UTZ Certified & PEA (Program for Environmental Adequacy)
The air is filled with dark berry notes on the break as the cupper floats into a cup bursting with cherries and black currents mingled with pecans cloaked in syrupy sweetness. The intensity of the experience is illuminated by low acidity and a heavy yet clean mouthfeel.
Our Brazil Sipping Espresso #3 is the highest quality specialty coffee available and is graded strictly soft.
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The Daterra Estate is a Brazilian coffee grower and exporter best known for its innovative research, its respect for the environment and its high quality coffee. Quality and sustainability are the passion of the Daterra Estate. The coffee plantations are located in the Cerrado region (State of Minas Gerais) and the Mogiana region (State of San Paulo). Technology, research and attention to the environment during coffee production have led the Daterra Estate to be known as one of the best coffee producers in the world. The Daterra Estate was Brazil's first sustainable coffee farm. In 1999 it became ISO 14001 certified and in 2003 became Rainforest Alliance certified, another first for Brazil. The Daterra Estate plantations, settled in different areas, are divided into 215 mini-farms. They are located at an average altitude of 3,800 feet and under a stable temperature of around 70ºF which constitutes the perfect environment for Arabica Coffee production. Furthermore, the prominent dry season during the harvest makes this region unique for the best Arabica coffees. The Daterra Estate values revolve around massive investment in research, quality improvement, solid partnerships, responsible governance, environmental protection, and social development. The Daterra Estate grows its own seedlings and uses organic composting in 100% of the plantation. The Sweet Yellow Bourbon is a single origin bean, getting its name from the yellow color of the ripened cherries and its sweet taste. The Bourbon variety, is a mutant of the Typica variety and is from the island Bourbon. The Typica variety is the original, natural coffee from Ethiopia.
In the world of coffee, there are two major varieties; Arabica and Robusta. Arabica coffee in Brazil is grown at altitudes between 2,500 - 7,200 feet and yields less coffee per hectare, meaning higher cost in production. On the contrary, Robusta is grown at lower elevations and has more coffee per hectare creating a low production costs to help make it the staple of commercial coffee roasters for use in commercial coffee sales. This is why coffee Arabica is considered a specialty coffee. The best known varieties of Arabica are "Typica" and "Bourbon," but from these, many different cultivars or cross breeds have been developed such as; Arusha, Caturra, Paca, Pacamara, Mundo Novo, and Maragogipe. In partnership with IAC (Agronomic Institute of Campinas), the Daterra Estate has carried out extensive research to produce the varieties yielding the best tasting cup of coffee. These include the following:
Typica - original natural coffee from Ethiopia.
Bourbon - mutant of Typica from the Island of Bourbon.
Caturra - natural mutant of Bourbon originated in Brasil.
Mundo Novo - natural cross pollination of Sumatra and Bourbon in Brazil.
Red and Yellow Icatu - back cross of Bourbon and Canephora Tetraploid.
Red and Yellow CatuaÃ - Back cross between Mundo Novo and Caturra.
Coffee is then graded Types 1 through 5, based on the number of defects found out of 300 grams when the sieving process begins.
Type 1: zero defects
Type 2: 4-11
Type 3: 12-24
Type 4: 26-44
Type 5: 44+
Flag description: Green with a large yellow diamond in the center bearing a blue celestial globe with 27 white five-pointed stars; the globe has a white equatorial band with the motto ORDEM E PROGRESSO (Order and Progress); the current flag was inspired by the banner of the former Empire of Brazil (1822-1889); on the imperial flag, the green represented the House of Braganza of Pedro I, the first Emperor of Brazil, while the yellow stood for the Habsburg Family of his wife; on the modern flag the green represents the forests of the country and the yellow rhombus its mineral wealth (the diamond shape roughly mirrors that of the country); the blue circle and stars, which replaced the coat of arms of the original flag, depict the sky over Rio de Janeiro on the morning of 15 November 1889 - the day the Republic of Brazil was declared; the number of stars has changed with the creation of new states and has risen from an original 21 to the current 27 (one for each state and the Federal District).
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